Crop scientists recognize that plants need 13 essential minerals, all of which play a number of important functions. If any of these is lacking, plant growth and yield suffer. Each crop needs a different range of nutrients at every critical stage of its development.
In all situations, it is important that fertilizer formulation and selection matches crop needs. Armed with this information and the right Eurofa product, the farmers can ensure nutrient needs are met and growth and crop quality is maximized. This provides high yields and high profits from the use of high-quality fertilizers.
- Nitrogen (N) is often required in the greatest quantity by crops, primarily for vigor and yield.
- Phosphorus (P) is a vital component of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) which supplies the energy for many processes in the plant. Phosphorus is fundamental to the successful development of all crops.
- Potassium (K) regulates the plant’s water content and expansion. It is key to achieving good yield and critical for increasing the size, juice content and sweetness of fruit.
- Calcium (Ca) is the most important. Calcium strengthens cell walls, helping to reduce bruising and disease in fruit, salad and vegetable crops.
- Magnesium (Mg) is a key component of leaf chlorophyll and the enzymes that support plant growth.
- Sulfur (S) is an essential part of many amino acids and proteins. Without both S and Mg, crops suffer; growth slows and leaves turn pale or yellow. Sulfur is particularly important for ensuring the protein content of cereal crop grains.
- Micronutrients reinforce and supplement the strong plant growth and structures provided by major and secondary nutrients. Most micronutrients influence growth.
- Iron deficiencies are common – the effect is to reduce production of chlorophyll.
- Boron (B) is needed for the development of shoots and roots, and is essential during the flowering and fruiting phases of crops.
- Zinc (Zn) is needed for the production of important plant hormones, like auxin. Zinc deficiency leads to structural defects in leaves and other plant organs.
- Molybdenum (Mo) is involved in plant enzyme systems that control nitrogen metabolism.
- Silicon (Si) strengthen the immune system for plants, helps plants grow faster, healthier. Strengthen resistance to plants against insects and harmful microorganisms such as omnivorous worms, aphids, sucking bugs, fungi and bacteria. Silicon is very important for the rice because it is the element of participation forming cells of the bark on trees and grain, as well as participating in the transport of nutrients in plants and releases P and K in the soil increases the possibility of using P, K.
- Copper (Cu): necessary for the formation of chlorophyll and as a catalyst for some of other reactions in plants; stimulates the synthesis of chlorophyll, oil, vitamins and against fungal pathogens.
- Manganese (Mn) is components of the enzyme system (enzymes); activating of some value metabolic reactions in the plant, supported synthesis of chlorophyll. Strengthen maturation and germination of seeds by increasing the absorbtion of phosphorus and calcium.